Acids have H+ and donate them, they have the smaller numbers 0-6.9, they turn litmus red, and have sour tastes.
Bases have OH- and want H+ to make water, they have Bigger numbers, they have a pH between 7.1 and 14, they turn litmus Blue, and they taste Bitter.
If you mix an acid and a base together, then there is a neutralization reaction. A neutralization reaction is also a double replacement reaction. In neutralization, the acid and base combine to form a water and a salt. The water and the salt are neutral (hence the name).
pH measures the concentration or molarity of H (Hydrogen ions) in a solution. That's why the H is capitalized.
pH + pOH = 14. So if you have the pH, it is easy to get the pOH... just subtract from 14. There are some fun interactives for acids and bases linked at the bottom of this webpage. Check out the Alien Juice Bar.
If you were absent for the Physical versus Chemical lab, you can make up the majority of it by following the link below and watching YouTube videos of the experiments. You can also just check them out because they are cool.
Open a link in a new tab. In the blue box, look for "Play Games" and "Scatter." You will then need to drag the names to the correct formula. If it disappears, you matched it correctly. Play each set a couple of times until you get really good. You can also use these as flashcards and make up and take tests.
Click on the rice above to test your knowledge of the Periodic Table while earning rice for the United Nations World Food Program. You can also test your knowledge of vocabulary as an excellent SAT prep.