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MOLES - What the heck?

Moles are used to count atoms. There are 22,000,000,000,000,000,000 quintillion atoms in a grain of sand and even counting grains of sand is a pain. Because atoms are so tiny, we use the mole to estimate.

There
are 6.02 x 10 ^23 molecules in one mole. That's a whole lot. This is
our new favorite number because it needs to be memorized. We will
practice converting from moles to molecules.

Next
we discussed molar mass. Molar mass = 1 mole and it also equals atomic
mass from the periodic table. To find the molar mass of carbon dioxide
you find the mass of carbon and two oxygens and add them together.
Finding molar mass is not difficult unless the molecule has tricky
subscripts (which we have been practicing).

The
third thing about moles is that "one mole of any gas will occupy 22.4
Liters." 22.4 is another favorite number. We can convert from moles to
liters and from liters to moles.
Just how big is a mole? There's a TedEd talk on that! Watch it here!

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